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Frequently Asked Questions

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What is gynaecology?

Gynaecology is the medical practice dealing with the female reproductive system. It is the branch of medicine focussing on the diagnosis and treatment of issues related to girls and women, including the uterus, fallopian tubes and ovaries.

What does a gynaecologist do?

Gynaecologists are doctors who specialize in the medical care of women, especially concerning the female reproductive organs. They deal with issues such as pregnancy, menstruation, childbirth, hormone disorders, fertility disorders, etc.  Gynaecologists perform a pap smear, using an instrument called a speculum, to detect any abnormalities in the reproductive system.

What is obstetrics?

Obstetrics is the field of medicine specializing in pregnancy, childbirth, and the post-partum period.

What does an obstetrician do?

An obstetrician is a specialist dealing in the surgical care of women during pregnancy. They are doctors who manage the pregnancy, labour, childbirth, and post-natal care. An obstetrician takes full care of women throughout their pregnancy. Some of the major duties of an obstetrician are:


Routine ultrasounds and tests during the pregnancy to monitor both you and your child’s health.

Advice on diet and medications.

Deliver your baby.

Help you deal with any issues like morning sickness, body pain, etc.

What is the difference between gynaecology and obstetrics?

While gynaecology deals with the medical care of women’s health issues, obstetrics is related to care during pregnancy, childbirth, and immediate post-delivery. An obstetrician performs the delivery of babies via vaginal birth or caesarean section. Gynaecologist does the treatment of issues related to reproductive organs like vaginal or uterine infections, infertility issues, etc..

What is an Obstetrician Gynaecologist?

Obstetrician gynaecologist, also referred to as OB/GYN specializes both in obstetrics and gynaecology. An OB/GYN is a doctor who has expertise in both, treating diseases related to the female reproductive system and delivering babies. They are trained surgeons and perform a wide range of procedures, including removing cysts and fibroids, caesarean sections, surgery to repair injuries to pelvic organs, and many more. Regular ultrasounds, pap smear tests, infertility treatments, treating urinary issues, etc.

Do gynaecologists perform surgery?

Yes, gynaecologists do perform various surgeries. Some of the common gynaecological surgeries are:

  • Removal of ovarian cysts.
  • Removal of fibroids in the uterus.
  • Surgical treatment of gynaecological cancers such as cervical, uterine, and ovarian.
  • Removal of the uterus, ovaries, or other parts of a woman’s reproductive system.
When should you go to the OB/GYN for pregnancy?

There is no right or wrong time, but ideally, you should make your first appointment with your OB/GYN between 6-12 weeks of your pregnancy. However, your doctor will guide you on when you should visit, depending on your health conditions. Some of the factors which might increase your number of visits to your OB/GYN are:

  • Being over 35 years of age
  • Having any pre-existing health conditions
  • Feeling pelvic pain or vaginal bleeding
  • Signs of preterm labour
What is a PAP Smear?

A Pap Smear is a test for cervical cancer. It is one of the most important gynaecology tests a woman should have on a regular basis. In an examination room, the doctor gently swabs a tiny sample of cells from the patient’s cervix (the opening of the uterus). The sample is then sent to a lab to test for any abnormal cells. Abnormal cells do not mean the patient has cervical cancer, but further tests may be needed.

What is HPV?

HPV (Human papillomavirus) is a very common STD (sexually transmitted disease). There are many types of HPV, and many do not cause problems. A small proportion of infections with certain types of HPV can persist and progress to cervical cancer.

Cervical cancer is by far the most common HPV-related disease. Nearly all cases of cervical cancer can be attributable to HPV infection.

Should I get the HPV Vaccine?

The HPV Vaccine has been tested and proven to help protect people from most types of HPV that cause cervical cancer. It is most effective before a woman or teen begins to have sex. It is given in 3 shots over a 6-month period.


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